Masculinity in Born in the Month of Owl by Azadeh Mohseni

Document Type: Research Papers


1 Department of English, Faculty of Language, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 department of foreign Languages, Ershad Damavand University, Tehran, Iran



The concept of Iranian men and masculinities has become a strong strand of research in recent years. In the paper, the researchers try to look at this concept through the views of Raewyn Connell’s theories in order to take a closer look at Azadeh Mohseni’s short story Born in the Month of Owl. Connell rejects the gender dichotomy theory and in her book Masculinities, she introduces four types of masculinities: hegemonic masculinity, complicit masculinity, marginalized masculinity, and subordinate masculinity. At any given time and place in history, human beings have different definitions for each category. The masculinity that was once hegemonic for the people of a particular society can become marginalized with the passage of time. In the first section of this study, we have defined gender from Connell’s perspective and in the second section, we have focused on different types of masculinity and how they have changed continuously in Born in the Month of Owl.


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